China issues a new official map depicting territorial claims.

It still depicts the entire state of Arunachal Pradesh and the Aksai Chin region as being within China’s borders.

India-China border


The Chinese government released the “2023 edition of the standard map of China” on August 28, which continues to include the whole state of Arunachal Pradesh and the Aksai Chin region inside China’s borders.

The Ministry of Natural Resources has issued the 2023 map. As in previous editions, the territorial claims on China’s western frontiers, as well as the so-called nine-dash line covering the whole South China Sea, are depicted on the map. A “tenth dash” is put east of Taiwan, as in prior maps, underlining Beijing’s claims over the island.

The latest map comes after Beijing announced in April that it will “standardise” the names of 11 localities in Arunachal Pradesh, including a town near the state capital of Itanagar. This was the third such list “renaming” sites in Arunachal Pradesh, and many saw it as a reaction to India organising activities in the State leading up to the G-20 Summit , which Beijing had opposed. Chinese President Xi Jinping is expected to attend the meeting in New Delhi on September 9-10.

According to state media, the 2023 map was presented during what is being dubbed “National Mapping Awareness Publicity Week” in China.

Following the public release of the standard map, the Ministry of Natural Resources plans to release “digital maps and navigation and positioning” for use in a variety of fields such as “location-based services, precision agriculture, platform economy, and intelligent connected vehicles,” according to the report.

This year marks the 30th anniversary of the People’s Republic of China’s Law of Surveying and Mapping, which was enacted “to strengthen the administration of the surveying and mapping undertaking, promote its development, and ensure that it renders service to the development of the national economy, the building up of national defence, and the progress of society.”

Mr. Xi has strengthened border control, introducing a new border law in 2022 that states numerous tasks for civilian and military authorities in China to take efforts to “protect national sovereignty.” The issuance of new names is related to Article 7 of the law, which asks for border education to be promoted at all levels of government. Article 22 directs the Chinese military to conduct border drills and “resolutely prevent, stop, and combat” “invasions, encroachments, and provocations.”

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