India’s Chandrayaan-3 makes history to become 1st country to land near Lunar South Pole region


India’s Chandrayaan-3 is the first country to land near Lunar South Pole region making history across the globe.

The automated landing elevated India’s increasingly sophisticated space programme to the status of “space superpower,” making it only the fourth nation, following the United States, China, and the former Soviet Union, to land an operational spacecraft on the moon and the first to reach the south polar region.
Chandrayaan-3
Lunar far side area came from Lander Hazard Detection and Avoidance camera onboard chandrayaan-3. (Image Courtesy: ISRO)

 

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Four days after Russia’s ill-fated Luna-25 moon probe crashed landed, India’s richly instrumented Chandrayaan-3 robotic lander slipped out of orbit for a rocket-powered approach to the lunar surface, coming down successfully near the moon’s south pole.
Chandrayaan-3’s braking engines fired at around 8:15 a.m. EDT, at an altitude of around 18 miles, as it circled the moon in an elliptical orbit with a high point of 83 miles and a low point of 15.5 miles.
The spacecraft slowed its descent for roughly 10 seconds after dropping to an altitude of about 4.5 miles and slowing from 3,758 mph to about 800 mph.
It then resumed its computer-controlled descent to the lunar surface, transmitting back photographs of its approach to the lunar surface below. The spacecraft landed about 8:33 a.m., with Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi watching via a television link.

Cheers and acclaim erupted from engineers, mission managers, dignitaries, and guests in the Indian Space Research Organization’s control centre.
“We have achieved a soft landing on the moon,” ISRO Chairman Shri Somanath stated. “Yes, on the moon!” says the narrator.
When the Chandrayaan-3 lander touched down on the moon, engineers and managers in the Indian Space Research Organisation control centre erupted in yells and joy.

 

Modi then spoke to the ISRO team in Hindi, but added in English, “India is now on the moon!”
“The success belongs to all of humanity,” he declared. “It will also aid future moon missions by other countries.” I’m certain that all countries around the world… can reach for the moon and beyond. “The sky’s the limit!”
It thought that Russia would steal some of India’s thunder with the planned arrival of the Luna-25 probe on Monday, Russia’s first attempt to land on the moon in nearly 50 years.
The Russian state space agency, Roscosmos, reported that the spacecraft “ceased to exist” following a “collision with the lunar surface.”
In contrast, Chandrayaan-3’s orbital modifications followed protocol, resulting in a landing that coincided with lunar sunrise at the landing site. Chandrayaan-3 is a two-week lunar “day” mission that includes the solar-powered Vikram lander and an 83-pound six-wheel rover named Pragyan that was brought to the surface tucked inside the lander.
The lander has equipment for measuring temperature and thermal conductivity, seismic activity, and the plasma environment. It also has a NASA laser reflector array to help estimate the moon’s distance from Earth precisely.
The rover, which has its own solar array and is planned to move down a ramp to the surface from its perch inside the lander, also includes sensors, including two spectrometers that will aid in determining the elemental composition of lunar rocks and dirt at the landing location.
While research is an important goal, the primary goal of Chandrayaan-3’s mission is to demonstrate soft-landing and rover technology as crucial stepping stones to future, more ambitious deep-space missions.
“Roscosmos State Corporation congratulates Indian colleagues on the successful landing of the Chandrayaan-3 spacecraft,” said the Russian space agency in a Telegram message. “Moon exploration is important for all of humanity; in the future, it may serve as a platform for deep space exploration.”
The likelihood of ice deposits has sparked a new space race. NASA’s Artemis programme intends to send men to the moon’s south pole in the coming years, while China is developing plans to send its own astronauts, or “taikonauts,” to the moon’s south pole by the end of the decade.
India is certainly interested, as are Japan, the European Space Agency, and a number of private companies working on their own robotic landers under NASA contracts as part of the agency’s Commercial Lunar Payload Services programme.
Also Read: http://Ex-ISRO advisor claims Chandrayaan 3 can handle hard landings as well.

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