Nuh violence has left Haryana reeling, but farmers are standing guard to prevent it from spreading.

From Jind to Hisar, representatives of farm groups organise interfaith dialogue to prevent the violence from spreading to their areas.

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Nuh Violence


Nuh violence: The communal violence that erupted on July 31 in Haryana’s Nuh, roughly 85 kilometres from Delhi and a Muslim-majority region, claimed seven lives and left scores injured and displaced. However, despite the violence and its aftermath — demolitions in Nuh continued for the third day in a row on Sunday — most other parts of the state have remained peaceful (with the exception of Gurgaon and Faridabad in the National Capital Region and Palwal, where a few incidents of violence were reported).
Haryana has been generally quiet in the past despite sectarian violence in other parts of the country, and the inferno in Nuh, according to numerous lawmakers, will not disrupt the peace in other areas of the state.
“Generally, there has not been any enmity among people in Haryana in the name of religion, except for a few isolated incidents that occurred in the past due to political reasons,” said a political leader who did not want to be recognised. Cows are respected in various sections of the state due to the influence of Arya Samaj. Nonetheless, such issues did not produce schisms in society.”
He added, “But people in most other areas in the state continue to stay away from such conflicts as the strong farming community doesn’t pay any attention to such efforts … In these circumstances, the political forces that are eyeing a religion-based polarisation may not get much traction in Haryana after the Nuh incident.”
Deepender Singh Hooda, a Congress Rajya Sabha MP, slammed Manohar Lal Khattar for allowing the situation to spiral out of hand, saying, “The Nuh incident is unfortunate and painful because there has not been a history of such incidents in Haryana.” This event would not have occurred if the administration had been vigilant even on Monday.”
Leaders of farmers’ groups and khaps are playing an active role throughout villages to reduce the impact of communal divisions. This is most likely why rural Haryana has stayed tranquil outside of the afflicted areas in and around Nuh. On Saturday, local community leaders held a Sarv Dharam Sammelan in Jind’s Uchana town and passed a resolution to fight for “Hindu-Muslim-Sikh-Issai” harmony. The assembly included delegates from Hindus, Muslims, and Sikhs.
Azad Palwa, a farmer leader from Jind, said, “We have passed a resolution to seek a ban on the RSS (Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh), the Bajrang Dal, and the Vishwa Hindu Parishad for their efforts to provoke people. Divide and rule won’t be allowed to succeed.”
Farmers’ leaders also emphasised how people from Mewat (a larger region that includes Nuh) actively participated in their campaign against three unpopular farm rules that were subsequently abolished in 2020-’21. To promote communal unity, farmer leader Suresh Koth announced a convention on August 9 at Baas village, Hisar district. “At the convention, we will not only discuss farmer issues, but also how efforts were made to disrupt Mewat,” Koth stated.
Due to the prevalence of many caste groupings throughout the state, caste mobilisations in Haryana have generated more news in recent decades than religious violence. Recently, a fierce feud between Gurjars and Rajputs erupted in the Kaithal district over the ancestry of Mihir Bhoj, a ninth-century monarch. Over the years, there have been various disputes between Dalits and upper castes, and in 2016, several places saw violence between Jats and non-Jats.
According to data from the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB), sectarian riots in Haryana increased marginally more than caste conflicts between 2019 and 2021. While 50 incidences of communal violence were reported in 2019, 51 occurrences were reported the next year, and 40 cases were reported in 2021. Haryana, on the other hand, reported 42 incidences of caste violence in 2019, 48 in 2020, and 36 in 2021.
As the violence in Nuh erupted, there was concern that it may exacerbate tensions in nearby Rajasthan during an election year. “The communal tension in Nuh threatens to escalate tempers in adjoining areas of Mewat in Bharatpur and Alwar districts in poll-bound Rajasthan,” said Sanjay Sharma, a professor at Jaipur’s Haridev Joshi University of Journalism and Mass Communication.

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